The iPhone 12, iPhone 12 Pro, iPhone 12 Pro Max and iPhone 12 mini are the four new Apple smartphones featuring 5G technology that will be in the market for the next few months. The question that some might ask themselves is what are the points in common and the differences between these models?
The first difference right off the bat is not only the size of the screen but also those of the devices in their entirety. Although there are four iPhone 12s, the differences are mainly in three models, since iPhone 12 and iPhone 12 Pro have the same display size of 6.1-inch.
The iPhone 12 mini with a 5.4-inch screen measures 131.5×64.2 x7.4mm and weighs 133 grams. The 6.1-inch iPhone 12 measures 146.7×71.5×7.4mm and weighs 162 grams. iPhone 12 Pro has the same dimensions as 12 but weighs 187 grams due to the use of different materials and the presence of extra components for the camera. Finally, the 6.7-inch iPhone 12 Pro Max measures 160.8×78.1×7.4 mm and weighs 226 grams.
The four models have the same thickness of 7.4 millimeters. What Apple is suggesting to make your decision to pick is to try it in a retail Apple Store, but keep in mind that lately, it hasn’t been easy due to the pandemic. An alternative could be to cut out a piece of paper the size of the various iPhones to simulate, as far as possible, the smartphone in your hands at least in terms of height and width.
Across the iPhone 12 line, the display is edge-to-edge with thin bezels: iPhone 12 mini has a 5.4-inch OLED display, iPhone 12 and 12 Pro a 6.1-inch OLED display, and iPhone 12 Pro Max a 6.7-inch OLED display. The screens are described as Super Retina XDR, so Apple used the same technology on all four models.
These are the resolutions:
- iPhone 12 mini: 2340×1080 at 476 PPI
- iPhone 12: 2532 × 1170 at 460 PPI
- iPhone 12 Pro: 2532 × 1170 at 460 PPI
- iPhone 12 Pro Max: 2778 × 1284 at 458 PPI
All iPhone 12s offer HDR, True Tone, P3 color gamut, 2,000,000: 1 contrast, 800 nits maximum brightness (1200 nits HDR), touch with haptic feedback, and oleophobic coating.
In this case, the choice is subjective, since there are not many differences in quality.
The two iPhone 12 Pros have an extra camera and LiDAR sensor, but the four models have wide-angle and ultra-wide-angle cameras. Each of these two cameras uses 12-megapixel sensors, along with a new array of 7-element (wide-angle) and 5-element (ultra-wide) plastic lenses that significantly improve overall optics.
As in 2019, the difference is that the Pro models also integrate telephoto, which allows for optical zoom, further enhancing digital zoom.
iPhone 12 mini and iPhone 12 offer 2x optical zoom out and up to 5x digital zoom. iPhone 12 Pro and Pro Max allow you to use a 2.5x optical zoom, 2x optical zoom out, and, only for the Max model, a total extension of the 5x optical zoom. As in 2019, this means the Pro models will benefit from being able to zoom in much closer than the standard models. Also, the extra sensor improves computational photography, as the system has more data to work with.
Besides, iPhone 12 Pro and iPhone 12 Pro Max integrate the LiDAR sensor on the back. This sensor works in a similar way to Face ID since it can send infrared dots into the real environment to perform depth mapping, to focus more accurately on a subject even in low light conditions. The potential of this sensor will be seen above all in the future, thanks also to the applications in AR.
Apple has also introduced some features in the Pro range for photographers and videomakers, such as the ability to record video in Dolby Vision HDR with 4K resolution up to 60fps, not 30fps, and take photos in Apple ProRAW.
During the “Hi, Speed” event director of photography and Academy Award winner Emmanuel “Chivo” Lubezki said, “The iPhone Pro will enable filmmakers around the world to make otherwise impossible films. The next great cinematographer or the next great director is already shooting movies with one of these devices “.
As for the front camera, the Face ID remains virtually unchanged with no differentiation between the models (12 megapixels and the same TrueDepth sensors).
For those who want to use iPhone 12 for photos and videos in an advanced way, the advice to choose is the Pro range especially for the future potential of the LiDAR sensor.