Why Apple manufactures its iPhone in China?


New York Instances has published an article recently explaining why Apple manufactures its products in China, the fact that costs are much cheaper does not seem to be the main reason. A few years ago China was subsidizing the creation of plants with up to 3000 workers and the possibility of hiring engineers in just 8700 weeks, it seems that in the United States would Apple about 9 months time, so we can say that the time factor has been decisive for the distribution of IOS devices.


Besides the production of these devices have to make many micro-components and their transfer is not feasible for all of them to America, put another way this country gets the full product and over.


China is Foxconn is the Goldmine, where huge dormitories of employees work to build tech products for Apple and other companies:

The facility has 230,000 employees, many working six days a week, often spending up to 12 hours a day at the plant. Over a quarter of Foxconn’s work force lives in company barracks and many workers earn less than $17 a day. When one Apple executive arrived during a shift change, his car was stuck in a river of employees streaming past. “The scale is unimaginable,” he said.

The company has 300 guards to direct foot traffic to reduce bottlenecks in doorways.

Another advantage is that China can find skilled workers quickly. According to a former Apple employee, Foxconn can hire 3,000 people overnight, and China also provides for engineers required to set up the assembly lines to scale iPhone production:

Another critical advantage for Apple was that China provided engineers at a scale the United States could not match. Apple’s executives had estimated that about 8,700 industrial engineers were needed to oversee and guide the 200,000 assembly-line workers eventually involved in manufacturing iPhones. The company’s analysts had forecast it would take as long as nine months to find that many qualified engineers in the United States

The most interesting story could be as decided by the construction of the glass of the iPhone at the last minute, here are the details …

In 2007, a little over a month before the iPhone was scheduled to appear in stores, Jobs made ​​a sign to a handful of lieutenants in an office. For weeks, wearing a prototype of the device in your pocket.

Jobs angrily raised his iPhone, fishing is for everyone to see the dozens of small scratches spoil your screenplastic , according to someone who attended the meeting.  then took his keys from his jeans.

People take this phone in his pocket, he said.  The people also have your keys in your pocket.  "I will not sell a product line," he said nervously.  The only solution was the use of glass unscratchable place.  "I crystal display, and I want it perfect in six weeks. "

After an executive at the left of that meeting, booked a flight to Shenzhen, China.  If Mr. Jobs wanted to perfect, there was no other place to go.

 New screens began arriving at the plant near midnight.

A foreman immediately woke up to 8,000 workers within the bedrooms of the company, the executive said. Each employee was given a biscuit and a cup of tea, aimed at a work station and within half an hour began a rotating screens 12 hours adaptation of glass in frames beveled.  Within 96 hours, the plant was producing more than 10,000 iPhones a day.

For more than two years, the company had been working on a project – code-named Purple 2 – which have the same questions at every step: how to completely reinvent the phone?  And how do you design the highest quality – unscratchable with a screen, for example – while ensuring that millions of people can be manufactured quickly and cheaply enough to derive significant benefit?


[The New York Times]

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